Ecosystem services

What do they mean for cities?

Ecosystem services are a useful way of categorizing the value of nature, and the different benefits of nature. Using the word “services” indicates the importance of nature - comparable to other services municipalities provide. This makes it more visible on the policy-making agenda and helps communities to become more aware of the need to protect it.

Click on the orange dots for some examples of ecosystem services in cities:

Shade & temperature control


Supply of fresh water

Learning & inspiration

Food & animal feed

Spiritual experience & sense of place

Green & blue infrastructure


Materials for construction & more

Improved mental & physical health

Protection from disasters